With nearly 2 million women affected each year, breast cancer is both the most prevalent cancer and one of the leading causes of death in women. The early detection of breast tumors will help us to improve their management and treatment in the initial stage. In addition to challenges encountered during the treatment of breast cancer, one of the critical factors contributing to treatment delays is invasive and subpar diagnostic techniques for breast cancer. Thus it is advisable to seek prompt breast cancer treatment in Gurgaon, Delhi, or any other metropolitan city.
Diagnosing Breast Cancer
Breast Lump – When a lump or other change is discovered in the breast or under the arm. In addition, other abnormal changes may include skin dimpling, a change in the size or form of one breast, retraction (pulling in) of the nipple, bloody nipple discharge, or skin discoloration of the breast.
Mammogram – A mammogram is a breast X-ray that takes more than one image of the breast while it is compressed in both the top-down and side-to-side directions.
Breast ultrasound – An ultrasound looks at breast tissue using sound waves and can determine whether a lump is a solid or a cystic mass.
Breast MRI – Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) produces a detailed image of a bodily part using a powerful magnet.
Breast biopsy — If breast cancer is thought to be present, the abnormal area must be sampled to make the diagnosis.
Breast Cancer Treatment
Whether one seeks breast cancer treatment in Gurgaon or any other city, it must be customized and is dependent on a number of variables. To decide which course of treatment is best for her, each woman should discuss her choices with her doctors.
Early-Stage Localized Breast Cancer
Two surgical procedures are possible for treating locally advanced breast cancer:
- BCT: also known as wide excision, quadrantectomy, or partial mastectomy, is the removal of cancerous tissue and includes a breast-conserving operation (lumpectomy). Radiation treatment is also necessary for BCT to lower the risk of cancer recurring in the same breast. Surgery and radiation often work together to preserve the breast while maintaining breast cancer outcomes that are cosmetically satisfactory.
- Mastectomy: is the surgery for the removal of the breast. The breast tissue, nipple, areola, and skin are all removed during a simple mastectomy, but not all of the lymph nodes. The complete breast, including the breast tissue, skin, areola, and nipple, as well as the majority of the underarm (axillary) lymph nodes, are removed during a modified radical mastectomy. A mastectomy rather than BCT is preferred in 25 to 50 percent of women for medical, cosmetic, and/or societal and emotional reasons.
For individuals who have undergone a mastectomy, radiation therapy to the chest wall and surrounding lymph node regions might also be advised.
Before or after surgery, a systemic (body-wide) anticancer treatment is administered. Rarely are patients cured if they have metastases or cancerous cells in other tissues like the liver, lung, or bone. Systemic treatment, however, may stop metastases in a significant portion of patients, curing many women who would not otherwise be cured.
Because systemic therapy greatly lowers the likelihood that cancer will return, particularly in cases where cancer has already spread to the axillary lymph nodes, it has become a crucial part of treating breast cancer. In turn, this raises the likelihood of beating breast cancer.
Systemic therapy aims to get rid of or stop the development of any cancer cells that might have escaped the breast and could spread to other tissues. (metastases). The majority of women with stage II breast cancer and many women with stage I disease are advised to receive systemic treatment.
There are three kinds of systemic therapy
- Antibody treatment to prevent the HER2 gene from promoting the development of breast cancer cells
- Immunotherapy in the treatment of triple-negative tumors
- Treatment with hormones that inhibit the effects of hormones like estrogen and progesterone (ER+, PR+)
Finally, cancer cells that evaded surgery are eradicated using chemotherapy.
- How is breast cancer in its early stages treated?
Treatment for early-stage breast cancer concentrates on removing the tumor and eliminating any cancer cells in the vicinity because it has not spread past the breast or adjacent lymph nodes. This usually entails radiation treatment after a complete mastectomy or breast-sparing surgery.
- How long will I require treatment for my breast cancer?
Your specific circumstances and the chemotherapy drugs your oncologist recommends will determine this. Breast cancer patients typically receive chemotherapy for three to six months, with intervals of a few days or weeks between treatments.
- What are some ways that I can control the side effects of breast cancer treatment?
Therapies based on scientific data may be used to manage the side effects of breast cancer treatment. The goal is to support patients in maintaining their muscles and endurance so they can continue their treatment plans uninterrupted.
Early identification of breast cancer is being aided by improvements in detection methods. Typically, screening finds the disease at an earlier stage, when the likelihood of effective treatment is greater. Because the breast tumor can be removed before it has a chance to spread, early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer increase survival. (metastasize). Treatments are also available to stop cancer cells from spreading to other tissues after they have left the breast. If you have any breast cancer symptoms, you can seek breast cancer treatment in Gurgaon or any other top-tier city and ask about newer therapies as they might be suitable for you.